Projects In India

Presently QMMPL is working in 4 different states i.e in Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Uttrakhand, Odisha on exploration of Lead Zinc project In India & International QMMPL is working in Southern & eastern part of Africa for Gold & Diamond Concessions with joining hands with KILIMANJARO HOLDINGS LIMITED (Mahe Seychelles),

Geology and Mineral Resources of Andhra Pradesh/Telangana :

Minerals are of great economic value and have occupied a characteristic place amongst all the economic resources. Minerals and mineral industries have significant macro links with the economy of a country. Mining activity generates employment opportunities; is obviously an important source of tax revenue and contributes to national income thereby leading to economic growth. In view of the significance minerals-hold in Andhra Pradesh & Telangana, the paper makes an attempt to list out all the mineral occurrences of the State and the way forward for socio-economic growth.

ap1Several organizations have extensively worked to identify mineral occurrences in this part of the country. Amongst all, work carried out by Geological Survey of India (GSI) is of pioneering importance in discovering a variety of mineral deposits. The first report published by GSI in 1975 describes all the minor and major mineral occurrences in the undivided Andhra Pradesh. This edition was modified and released in 2005 by GSI. These publicly available reports are used to extract information relevant to frame this article. Also reports published by academicians and other public organizations were gathered from open web sources

Metallic minerals

Copper: Copper mineralisation is observed in the Mailaram area

ap2(17o 43′ 80o 37′) of Khammam district in Dharwar quartz-chlorite schist’s, intruded by grey and blue quartz veins with Cu% between 1.5-1.7. Chalcopyrite occurs as disseminations and stringers associated with pyrite and pyrrhotite. As per GSI the zone of copper mineralisation extends for a strike length of 800 m with a reserve of 0.814 metric tonnes. At Venkatapuram (17o 46′ 80o45′), chalcopyrite associated with pyrite and pyrrhotite is observed in minor veins of quartz traversing the Pakhal quartzites and dolomites and in the quartz-chlorite schists of the Dharwars holding a mineralised zone rangin g in thickness from1.5 to 5.30 m. for a strike length of 200 m. The Cu content ranges from 0.64 to 1.58 per cent. Indications of sparse Cumineralisation are also noticed near Banjar (17o48′ 80o39′), Mainkawaram (17o29′ 80o20′), Rabingudem (17o30′ 80o23′), Sarkal (17o43′ 80o42′) and Yellambailu (17o41′ 80o40′). In current scenario of copper metal prices, this area deserves further exploration with advanced technology.

ap3Gold: Alluvial gold is said to have been worked from near the confluence of Kinnerasani river with the Godavari in the Khammam district and also near Mangampet (18o15′ 80o30′) in the Warangal district. Of late, exploration

activity by GSI is being carried out to test the gold potential in Atkur Block, Gadwal Schist Belt, Mahbubnagar district (GSI,2011).

ap4Galena: In Khammam district, galena is noticed as sporadic disseminations in episodotised granites in the locality about a kilometer SSW of Niradu (17o09′ 80o14′). Sparse disseminations of galena are found in tremolite marblebelonging to the Pakhals in the locality about 2 km NE of Jestaipalle (17o22′ 80o10′). Similar occurences of galena associated with malachite and azurite are noticed in barytes veins in Pakhal limestone in the Rudramakota (17o14′ 80o12′) of Khammam district.

Geology and Mineral Resources of Orissa :

or1Orissa, situated on the eastern seaboard of India is one of the gifted parts of the world, where a gamut of mineral resources exist in bounty. The state is endowed with large reserves of bauxite, china clay, chromite, coal, dolomite, fireclay, graphite ,gemstones, iron ore, limestone, manganese ore, mineral sand, nickel ore, pyrophylite and quartz. Recent discovery of diamond in the Dharambandha area of Nuapada district by the State Directorate of Geology has added a colored feather in the cap of the state.

Other minerals of the state include copper ore, lead ore, titanium bearing vanadiferous magnetite, talc/ soap stone and high magnesia igneous rocks.

or2Recent boom of the mineral industry has turned the state into a hotspot, with entrepreneurs from all over the world crowding for their share of fortune, The rich mineral wealth of the state is attributed to its favorable geological setup. Situated on the eastern fringe of the peninsular India, Orissa has about 72.5% of the area occupied by Precambrian metamorphic rocks (of Archaean and Proterozoic age) which host the majority of the minerals. The Gondwanas hosting the coal resources occur over about 8% of the land mass. The Tertiary and Quaternary formations, occupying rest of the area, provide avenues

for aluminous/ nickeliferous laterite and heavy minerals (in beach sand).

or3Orissa has a lion’s share of the Country’s mineral reserves. The chromite, nickel, bauxite, iron ore and coal resources of the state respectively stand at a staggering 83, 92, 55, 38 and 26 percent of India’s total reserves. Some of these minerals also account for a visible spot in the world’s mineral map. The state’s mining revenue during 2009-10 amounted to Rs.2020.71 crore.

In Odisha the 6 projects are under Documentation & further Drilling & Exploration stage with the high grade of Lead ore (Pb), Having a ancient

history of mining with the excellent results.


hp1Himachal Pradesh : Essentially being a hilly terrain the state of Himachal Pradesh displays prominent features characterized by lofty mountain ranges incised by deeply dissected valleys carved out in slopes of various descriptions.

The elevation above mean sea level varies from 320m in Una District, to 6975 m at Leo Pargil Peak of Kinnaur District. Physiographically, the State can be divided into five distinct parallel zones. From south to north these are:

Alluvial Plain: A limited zone of nearly flat plain developed at the foot hills of Siwalik Range in the vicinity of Indo-Gangetic Alluvium in the southwestern and southeastern fringes of the state with an average altitude of 375m.

The state of Himachal Pradesh is covered by the rocks ranging in age from Precambrian to Recent. The normal order of super-position of the rocks in the Lesser Himalaya has been affected by later events of thrusting. Owing to its complex tectonism and geological evolution, establishing an unanimously accepted geology and Stratigraphy of Himalaya remained mired with debate and controversy- posing a natural deterrent. With this backdrop, effort is made hereunder to present a generlised view.


hp2Kinnaur District (i) Specks of galena have also been noticed along thin quartz veins in the gneisses near Nalgan ghati (31°19’ 20”: 78°12’ 50”). (ii) A few specks of galena are observed in a minor shear zone exposed east of Alingdar (31°26’ 30”: 78°38’ 30”).

Shimla District Lead in the form of vein occurs in schist and gneiss of Jutogh Group at Darkoti (31°07’: 77°36’). Lead values vary form 0.73% to 12.00% at different localities. Lead ore is found in the form of some galena pebbles of varying size at Tal (31°10’: 76°53’) in the Arki Tehsil. A ferruginous limestone band, north of Tal has indicated 1.2% Zn and 0.29% Pb over an average width of 7.5m.

Kulu District (i) A few specks of galena have been observed in the quartz veins a chlorite-schist at Sangthan (31°58’: 77°15’). Lead values range from 100 to 240 ppm. Three samples have analysed zinc values varying from 200 to 470 ppm. (ii) Minor disseminated specks of sulphide are observed in quartzose phyllite east of Komand (Mot Kandi) (31°53’: 77°14’). One sample on chemical analysis has shown 400ppm lead. (iii) In Khanor Khad area near Manikaran (31° 02’: 77o 27’) the ore and gossan together yielded lead, gold and copper. At Uchich (31°01’: 77o 23’) the lode is over 60cm in width and contains lead, gold and silver. (iv) At Chong (31°77’: 77°11’) the ore contains lead, and silver. A small stringer of galena associated with quartz vein has also been reported from near Garona (31°50’: 77o14’). Occurrences of lead ore have also been reported from north/east of Behali (31°45’: 77o15’).

Sirmaur District (i) Massive lode of a minor deposit comprising galena and sphalerite has been reported at Anyar (30o44’: 77o44’). The samples from old working have indicated lead 0.75% and zinc 0.21%. Another sample gave 10% zinc content. (ii) Strata-bound synsedimentary, polymetallic sulphide mineralisation occurs within an interbedded slate – limestone sequence near the Deoban–Shimla Group contact in Dathyari- (30° 41’ 32”: 77° 45’) Chamri (30°43’: 77°44’) – Auri (30°42’ 03”: 77°44’40”) area. Three mineralised lodes, 20cm to 150cm thick ranging in length from 75m to 80m have been delineated over a strike length of nearly 340m. The sulphide mineralisation mostly comprises marcasite with galena, sphalerite, pyrite and chalcopyrite. Anold working exists in Chamri (30°53’: 71°15’) area. Small lenses and veins of quartz with galena are observed in slate and phyllite exposed in the Amba area (30°38’: 77o27’). Large pebbles with rich galena mineralisation are a common sight all along the Amba Nala.